A large bump on the side of the big toe may indicate that a bunion has developed. It is considered to be a deformity, and calluses may form on the top as a result of friction against shoes that are worn. Additionally, blisters may appear, and it may become painful, red, and swollen. Common causes why bunions can develop can consist of genetic factors, and wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. Research has indicated that patients who are afflicted with arthritis may notice a bunion forming over painful joints in the big toe. There may be methods that can be implemented which may help to prevent bunions from developing. These can include wearing shoes that have a lower heel, and avoiding backless shoes. If you have a bunion, it is suggested that you seek the advice of a podiatrist who can offer you correct methods of treatment.
What Is a Bunion?
Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.
- Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
- Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development
- Redness and inflammation
- Pain and tenderness
- Callus or corns on the bump
- Restricted motion in the big toe
In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Millburn, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about Bunions