Hammertoe is a common deformity of the joints in which a person's toe is bent into a claw-like position. Usually this will affect the second toe, but can occur in the third fourth and fifth toe too. It is typically caused by wearing ill-fitting shoes with high heels and little room for the toes to move. Hammertoe typically starts with mild deformities which progress over time. Left untreated, hammertoes may require surgical intervention. Fortunately, hammertoes may be prevented entirely or have their progression slowed by wearing appropriate footwear. It is suggested to look for shoes with plenty of room in the toe area. Avoid high heels and shoes with pointed toes. A podiatrist can help you find the best footwear to prevent or mitigate the progression of hammertoe. A podiatrist may also prescribe pads, orthotic devices, or medications, or may even recommend surgery in more severe cases.
Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact one of our podiatrists from The Podiatry Center, PC. Our doctors will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.
Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.
- Pain in the affected toes
- Development of corns or calluses due to friction
- Contracture of the toes
Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible
Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur
Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe
Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe
Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it
Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used
Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option
If you have any questions please contact our office located in Millburn, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about What Are Hammertoes?